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How to Choose the Right Type of Care

Choosing the right type of care for yourself or for a loved one can be challenging, and with so many types to choose from, it can be difficult to even get started! We’ve put together a guide to help you better understand the various types of care available in the State of Georgia!

Senior Care Options - Hosting SeniorsFirst, it’s important to understand how care facilities are licensed and monitored in Georgia. The State of Georgia’s Department of Community Health (DCH) oversees the Healthcare Facility Regulation (HFR) which licenses more than 15,000 care facilities like hospitals, assisted living facilities, personal care homes, and nursing homes in Georgia. HFR also monitors various in-home care options. The HFR division of DCH was created in 2009 following the passage of HB 228 (2009) and SB 433 (2008), which transferred functions previously performed by the Office of Regulatory Services to DCH in 2009.

Next, you’ll need to decide if you prefer in-home care or would rather living in an assisted-living facilities. There are benefits to both -- in-home care allows you to stay in your home, while assisted living facilities provide access to round-the-clock care -- but this decision should be based on your care needs.

According to the Georgia DCH, there are five types of care facilities for seniors within these two categories:

In-Home Care

  • Home Health Agencies - Home Health Agencies provide home health services according to a written treatment plan signed by the patient's physician in the patient’s residence. Home health services include part-time or intermittent skilled nursing care and at least one of the following: physical, occupational or speech therapy; medical social services; or home health aide services.

  • Private Home Care Provider - A Private Home Care Provider (PHCP) is any entity that directly provides or makes provision for private home care services through its own employees or agents, contractual arrangements with independent contractors or referral. Private home care services means those items and services provided at a patient’s residence that involve direct care to that patient and includes nursing services, personal care tasks and companion or sitter tasks.

Assisted Living Facilities

  • Personal Care Home - A Personal Care Home provides housing, food service, and one or more personal services for two or more adults who are not related to the owner or administrator by blood or marriage. "Personal Services" includes individual assistance with or supervision of self-administered medication, assistance with ambulation and transfer, and assistance with essential activities of daily living such as eating, bathing, grooming, dressing, and toileting.

  • Assisted Living Community - Assisted living communities are personal care homes which choose to serve 25 residents or more and which provide assisted living care which consists of the provision of personal services, the administration of medications by a certified medication aide and the provision of assisted self-preservation. (Personal services include but are not limited to individual assistance with and supervision of self-administered medications and essential activities or daily living such as eating, bathing, grooming, dressing, and toileting.)

  • Community Living Arrangement - Community Living Arrangement are residences, whether operated for profit or not, which undertake through their ownership or management to provide or arrange for the provision of daily personal services, supports, care, or treatment exclusively for two or more adults who are not related to the owner or administrator by blood or marriage and whose residential services are financially supported, in whole or in part, by funds designated through the Department of Behavior Health and Developmental Disabilities.  

  • Nursing Home - Any facility who primarily provides skilled nursing care and related services to residents who require medical or nursing care; rehabilitation services to the injured, disabled, or sick; or on a regular basis, health care and services to individuals who because of their mental or physical condition require care and services (above the level of room and board) which is available to them only through these facilities, and is not primarily for the care and treatment of mental diseases.

Now that you know what type of care you’re seeking, take the next step by finding available care options in your community. Register at HostingSeniors.com to find a healthcare match based on your or your loved one’s needs.

To learn more about licensed care facilities in the State of Georgia, please visit https://dch.georgia.gov/facilities-provider-information.